CORPORATE - About Oman


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Ruler H.M Sultan Qaboos bin Said (1970)
Area 82,031 sq mi (212,460 sq km)
Geographic coordinates 21 00 N, 57 00 E, Oman is a 1,000-mile-long (1,700-km) coastal plain at the southeast tip of the Arabian Peninsula lying on the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. The interior is a plateau. 
Location Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE
Population Omani - 1,826,124, Expatriate - 650,924, Total - 2,477,048
(Population based on the year 2001)
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Capital  Muscat
Monetary unit Omani Rial
Currency 1 Omani Rial (RO) = 1,000 Baiza 
Exchange rates Omani Rials (RO) per US$1 - 0.3845 (fixed rate since 1986)
Languages Arabic (official); also English and Indian languages
Ethnicity/race Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi) and African
Religion Islam 95%
Land boundaries Total: 1,374 km 
Border countries Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km 
Coastline 2,092 km 
Climate Dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south 
Land and People For the most part, Oman comprises a narrow coastal plain backed by hill ranges and an interior desert plateau. The highest point is Jebel Shams (c.9, 900 ft/3,018 m). In the extreme north, dates, limes, nuts, and vegetables are cultivated, and in the southwest there is an abundance of cattle and other livestock. Fishing is an important industry. The major product, however, is oil, which was discovered in Oman in 1964 and first exported in 1967. Natural gas production and small copper mines developed in the early 1980s and are a part of Oman's growing industries. The inhabitants are mostly Omani Arabs; there are also minorities of Pakistanis, Indians, Africans, Baluchis, and migrant workers of varied ethnicities.

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